In the past Researchers have used a lower-intensity beam on small particles, which stripped away some electrons from the molecules iodine atoms but in a recent experiment a team used a high-intensity beam instead and the results came as a big shock. A single laser pulse stripped all but a few electrons in the molecule’s biggest atom from the inside out. Which created a void that pulled in electrons from the rest of the molecule very much like black hole in space that sucks in neighboring stars, but this was on a small scale.
The microscopic black hole didn’t live for long, though. Within 30 femtoseconds (which is 30 millionths of a billionth of a second) the molecule lost more than 50 electrons, and then exploded. With laser temperatures in the thousands of degrees, the molecule never was going to last much time.
U.S. and international scientists have both used powerful X-ray laser beams to attempt to image individual biological objects at high resolution. They’re also conducting experiments to see how matter behaves under extreme conditions and to increase their understanding of the charge dynamics of complex molecules.